Review of recommendations in agriculture-related water policy and policy research
Deliverable O4.1. (Part I), June 2019
Waterdrive project team has developed report “Review of recommendations in agriculture-related water policy and policy research”
The aim of the current report is to review agriculture-water policy related recommendations proposed by the European Commission, HELCOM and the EU research programme BONUS specially addressing the agriculture-water policy issues. The report explores the categories of policy recommendations to group and identify the possible differences between the three sources of policy recommendations.
For the purposes of the current study, policy recommendation is a recommendation to decision makers to take new measures or improve current policy measures. Thus, a policy recommendation could also be regarded as a suggestion to introduce a new or change a current policy measure to improve the agri-water policy with the ultimate aim of improving the environmental status of the Baltic Sea.
As for the definition of a policy recommendation, herein we understand policy recommendation as a statement that makes or implies a proposal for policy action. Previously, David Glover1 has differentiated between policy recommendations and policy implications, defining the former as “a statement that makes a specific proposal for action” and the latter as “interpreting data in ways that are useful to policymakers, but without specifying precisely what should be done”. In case these can still be seen as addressed to policymakers in some way, those policy recommendations (as per Glover’s definition – closer to policy implications) have been included as well, for instance: “Offering advisory assistance for the farmers (from independent agricultural advisors) serves as an incentive by reducing paper work/transaction costs”. David Glover’s approach to policy recommendation and policy implication has been applied in this study. The study is comprising of 5 chapters. The first chapter outlines the objectives of the European Union and HELCOM and EC BONUS programme in relation to the agriculture-related water policy. The second chapter gives an overview of the methodology applied in the study, both with regards to identifying the sources of policy recommendation as well as the typology of categories the policy recommendations have been divided into. In the third chapter, the results of the study have been presented: both in the form of the division of policy recommendations by categories. Furthermore, as part of the third chapter, the content of policy recommendations in analysed in more depth, trying to highlight the common themes. The fourth chapter is dedicated to discussion and comprises of 4 sub-chapters. Firstly, the definition of the policy recommendation in the current study is described in detail. After that, the methodological aspects of assigning a category to policy recommendations have been analysed. Following that, any content issues of policy recommendation that arose during the course of study have been looked at in more depth. The chapter concludes by outlining recommendations by the authors of the current study, addressed at (future) authors of policy recommendations. A conclusion follows.
The study was conducted in the framework of Waterdrive project, partly financed by Interreg Baltic SEA Region programme. This report was developed by the Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre and reviewed and commented by project partners.
Summary of survey of policy gaps and bottlenecks and recommendations in agriculture-related water policy among Waterdrive partners
Deliverable O4.1. (Part II ), December 2019
Agriculture-related water and land management are important policy areas to ensure good water quality and functioning and diversity of ecosystems. There is a large body of research and practice available to address these issues. The Interreg project Waterdrive has taken a closer look at the gaps and bottlenecks in agriculture-related water policy and aims at providing recommendations for improvement. For this purpose, a literature review was conducted, analysing the policy recommendations made by European Commission to the member states on the implementation of the Water Framework Directive and Nitrate Directive, HELCOM recommendations to the parties of HELCOM on the implementation of the Baltic Sea Action Plan, and recommendations made by EU BONUS programme projects working on eutrophication sub-programme. This review is available at the Waterdrive homepage. Secondly, in the current report, the gaps and bottlenecks identified by the Waterdrive partners have been summarised. The Waterdrive project partners have shared their views and recommendations for improvement of agriculture-related water management via a survey. This report draws conclusion of this survey.
The report has been developed by experts of Waterdrive partner SEI Tallinn